God the Father, God the Son Jesus Christ & God the Holy Spirit
1st John 5:7
For there are three that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one.
The Idea of the Trinity
The reality of the Trinity is a difficult concept for us to grasp, especially since it doesn't fit into our everyday life experiences; however the Bible is clear in it's declaration that the Trinity does exist and is real. Basically what is meant by the Trinity is that there is only one true God, that exist in three distinct persons. There is God the Father (1st Person of the Trinity), God the Son Jesus Christ (2nd Person of the Trinity), and God the Spirit, the Holy Spirit (3rd Person of the Trinity). This is referred to has the Triune God or Godhead. The concept of the Triune God is one of the foundational teachings of Christianity and is intimately connected with the bedrock of Christianity, which is the Person and Diety of Jesus Christ, who is fully God and fully human. Jesus died on the cross for our sins, paying the price we could not afford to pay. Without belief in the Trinity it's hard to reconcile the Diety of Christ and the gift of salvation. We know Jesus Christ is fully God and and full human... Without a basic understanding of the Godhead there is no way we can fully understand what a great gift we have been given in the salvation provided by the death of Jesus at the Cross and His Resurection three days later.
There is Only One God
The Bible teaches, there is only one true God, who exists eternally in three distinct persons, equal in essence, authority, and honor: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The Bible is very clear both in the Old and New Testament that there is only one God, "Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one!" (Deuteronomy 6:4). There is only one true God and there are no other Gods before Him or after Him. We can see this explained in Isaiah 43:10 "You are My witnesses," says the Lord", "And My servant whom I have chosen, That you may know and believe Me, And understand that I am He. Before Me there was no God formed, Nor shall there be after Me." and again in Isaiah 44:6 God tells us, "Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel, And his Redeemer, the Lord of hosts": I am the First and I am the Last"; "Besides Me there is no [other] God."
The Father is God, The Son is God, The Holy Spirit is God
The bedrock of the Trinity is built on a foundation composed of these three truths, 1) there is only one true God, 2) the Father is God, the Son is God and the Holy Spirit is God and 3) Father, Son and Holy Spirit are eternally distinct, that is to say each have always been, is and will always be and are distinct from one another. We have already clearly seen that there is only one God. So lets continue with the Apostle Paul in the New Testament in his letter to the Corinthians, "...yet for us there is one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we for Him..." (1st Corithians 8:6). Now from here, still in the New Testament, lets move on to Hebrews 1:8, this is when God the Father is speaking of His Son Jesus Christ, "But to the Son He says: "Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your Kingdom." When Jesus was speaking to His disciples He spoke of the Holy Spirit, whom God His Father would send once he left. Jesus referred to the Holy Spirit has the helper, "But when the Helper comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify of Me" (John 15:26). Then the Bible tells us that Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen. (Matthew 28:18-20) Finally Jesus speaking to the crowd, said "I and My Father are one." (John 10:30)
Bible Verses Supporting the Trinity
"Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one!
"You are My witnesses," says the Lord, "And My servant whom I have chosen, That you may know and believe Me, And understand that I am He. Before Me there was no God formed, Nor shall there be after Me..."
"Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel, And his Redeemer, the Lord of hosts: I am the First and I am the Last; Besides Me there is no God..."
"Look to Me, and be saved, All you ends of the earth! For I am God, and there is no other..."
1 Corinthians 8:6
"...yet for us there is one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we for Him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and through whom we live."
"When all the people were baptized, it came to pass that Jesus also was baptized; and while He prayed, the heaven was opened. And the Holy Spirit descended in bodily form like a dove upon Him, and a voice came from heaven which said, "You are My beloved Son; in You I am well pleased."
"But to the Son He says: "Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your Kingdom."
"I and My Father are one."
1 John 5:7For there are three that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one.
Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said: "Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You, as You have given Him authority over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as You have given Him". "And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent."
2 Corinthians 13:14
The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with you all. Amen.
"But when the Helper comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify of Me."
"And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen.
Important Points Regarding the Trinity
There is one holy God, who exists eternally in three distinct Persons, equal in essence, authority, and honor: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. (Deuteronomy 6:4; Isaiah 43:10; 44:6; 45:22; Matthew 28:19; Luke 3:21-22; 2 Corinthians 13:14 ; 1 John 5:7; 1 Peter 1:16)
Qualities of the Godhead
The three Persons of the Godhead possess seven qualities which distinguishthe Godhead from creation.
- Self-existence (Colossians 1:17)
- Eternality (Psalm 90:2; 93:2; 102:24-27; Isaiah 57:15; 1 Timothy 6:16)
- Infiniteness (1 Kings 8:27; Job 5:9)
- Immutability (Malachi 3:6; Hebrews 1:12; James 1:17)
- Omnipresence (Psalm 139:7-10; Jeremiah 23:23-24; Hebrews 4:13)
- Omniscience (Psalm 139:1-6; 147:5; Isaiah 46:10; Romans 11:33; 1 John 3:20)
- Omnipotence (Psalm 62:11; 147:5; Jeremiah 32:17; Matthew 19:26)
God the Father
God the Father, the first Person of the trinity, is the head of the trinity and the source from Whom actions in the trinity occur. The Father brings forth, initiates, conceives, and originates the actions of the Godhead. (Psalm 33:6; John 14:26; 1 Corinthians 11:3; 15:28; Hebrews 11:3; 1:2; 1 Peter 1:12; 2 Peter 3:5)
God the Son
The second Person of the trinity, the Word, became incarnate as the God-man, Jesus Christ the Son of God, still 100% God and becoming 100% man, Person conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary. During the incarnation, He lived a sinless life and died on the cross as a substitutionary sacrifice for sinful humanity that all who personally apply His atonement accomplished at the cross will be redeemed from sin and united in fellowship with God. The resurrection of Jesus Christ proves the effectiveness of His atoning work for believers. He is now exalted at the right hand of the Father. It is through Jesus that the Father mediates, arranges, and carries out the will of the Godhead. (Matthew 26:64; 28:6; Luke 1:31-35; John 1:1-5, 10-14; Romans 3:23-26; 5:9; 6:23; 1 Corinthians 15:3-4; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Philippians 2:6-11; Hebrews 1:3; 2:9; 7:26; 8:1; 1 Peter 2:22; 1 Peter 3:18; Acts 2:23-24, 33)
God the Holy Spirit
The third Person of the trinity is the Holy Spirit, Who proceeds both from the Father and the Son. It is by the Holy Spirit that miracles, regeneration, sanctification, and fruitfulness occur, as well as fulfillment of the purposes of the Godhead. The Holy Spirit indwells the believer, guiding, teaching, encouraging, and empowering for godliness and service, in addition to convincing the world of sin, righteousness, and judgment. (John 14:16-17; 16:7-14; Acts 1:8; 5:3-4)